What are the 5 major components of a robot?

The 5 Major Components of a Robot

Robots are machines that are programmed to perform specific tasks. They are used in many industries, such as manufacturing, medical, and military. To understand how robots work, it is important to understand the five major components of a robot.


Manipulators are the main components of a robot. They are responsible for the movement of the robot. Manipulators are usually made up of joints, motors, and actuators. They are designed to move in a certain way and can be programmed to do specific tasks.

End Effectors

End effectors are the tools that are attached to the robot’s manipulators. They are used to interact with the environment and can be used to pick up, move, and manipulate objects. End effectors can be as simple as a gripper or as complex as a welding tool.

Feedback Devices

Feedback devices are used to provide the robot with information about its environment. They are usually sensors that measure things like temperature, pressure, and light. This information is then used by the robot to make decisions and adjust its actions accordingly.


Controllers are the brains of the robot. They are responsible for processing the information from the feedback devices and then sending commands to the manipulators. The controller can be programmed to make decisions and control the robot’s movements.

Locomotive Devices

Locomotive devices are used to move the robot from one place to another. They can be wheels, tracks, or legs. Locomotive devices are usually powered by motors and can be programmed to move in a certain way.

Robots are complex machines that require a variety of components to function properly. By understanding the five major components of a robot, you can better understand how robots work and how they can be used in various industries.

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