The term Flemish painting refers to works produced in the region that approximately coincides with modern-day Belgium from the 15th to the 17th centuries. This period of art history is often referred to as the Flemish Primitives, due to the influence of the early Renaissance style on the art of the time.
Flemish painting is characterized by its use of realism, vivid colors, and meticulous detail. The works of the period often depicted religious scenes, portraits, and landscapes. During this time, many of the most famous Flemish painters emerged, including Jan van Eyck, Hans Memling, and Pieter Bruegel the Elder.
The 15th century saw the rise of the Burgundian court, which had a great influence on the development of Flemish painting. The court was a center of artistic activity, and many of the most famous painters of the period were employed by the court.
The 16th century saw the development of the Northern Renaissance, which had a major impact on Flemish painting. The style of the period was characterized by its use of realism, naturalism, and a focus on the human figure. The works of the period often depicted religious scenes, portraits, and landscapes.
The 17th century saw the decline of the Flemish school of painting. The Baroque style, which had become popular in the rest of Europe, was not embraced by the Flemish painters. Instead, the works of the period often focused on still lifes and genre scenes.
The Flemish school of painting had a major influence on the development of European art. The works of the period are still highly regarded today, and many of the most famous painters of the period are still celebrated. The period of Flemish painting is an important part of art history, and its influence can still be seen in the works of modern painters.